2 edition of Atmospheric bulk precipitation in the Great Lakes Basin found in the catalog.
Atmospheric bulk precipitation in the Great Lakes Basin
K. W. Kuntz
by Inland Waters Directorate, Ontario Region, Water Quality Branch in Burlington, Ont
Written in English
At head of title: Environment Canada.
|Series||Scientific series / Inland Waters Directorate -- no. 115|
|Contributions||Canada. Inland Waters Directorate. Ontario Region. Water Quality Branch.|
Using Climate Predictions in Great Lakes Hydrologic Forecasts T. E. Croley II1 1Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Commonwealth Blvd., Ann Arbor, Michigan ABSTRACT The Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory’s (GLERL’s) Advanced. There is a growing need for accurate prediction of water level changes in the Great Lakes for the purposes of managing their water resources (Neff and Nicholas ).The physical processes over a lake basin that contribute to the water level change of that lake include the overlake precipitation (P lake), lake evaporation (E lake), and runoff into the lake from its drainage basin (R).
the lakes because of the greater atmospheric stability imparted at the surface by the relatively cooler summertime water temperatures. Past research has confirmed these theories for portions of several lakes or entire individual lakes. However, seasonal climate effects over the entire Great Lakes basin are still somewhat poorly defined. Between and , the temperature of the Great Lakes basin increased degrees in annual mean temperature compared to a .
Severe Storms in the Great Lakes; Heat Building in the East and Southwest. A well organized cluster of showers and thunderstorms will move across the Great Lakes today with potential for large hail, significant damaging winds, a few tornadoes, and heavy rain that could cause flash flooding. Isolated storms may also develop across the Plains. The Great Lakes lose heat by evaporation and by the warming of overlying air when the atmosphere is cool. After water vapor is released into the atmosphere, it condenses and forms precipitation, some of which falls within the Great Lakes basin. The Great Lakes modify the local weather and climate.
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Atmospheric bulk precipitation in the Great Lakes basin. Burlington, Ont.: Inland Waters Directorate, Ontario Region, Water Quality Branch, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors /.
Climate of the Great Lakes basin. Ottawa.: Atmospheric Environment Service, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: J A W McCulloch; D W Phillips; Canada.
Atmospheric Environment Service. OCLC Number: Notes: At head of title: Environment Canada. Atmospheric environment.
Joint report based on Canadian data from the Lakes and Marine Applications Unit of the Atmospheric Environment Service, and U.S. data from the Environmental Data Service. compositions and concentrations of sulfur in bulk precipitation (rainfall plus dry fallout) samples collected from October through June at 37 stations in the Great Lakes Basin.
The results of the large-scale, regional survey are summarized in the present report. The area under study, which is. book reviews Climate Change on the Great Lakes Basin. 45 pp. $--free. Paperbound. Miscellaneous Publica- tion Illinois State Water Survey and the Canadian Climate Centre.
This publication is a compilation of five papers presented at the Symposium of Climate Change on the Great Lakes Basin held as part of the annual. The first estimates of atmospheric deposition of polychlorinated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) into the Great Lakes are presented.
Precipitation samples were collected monthly from to at five sites located in the Great Lakes region. Volume weighted mean concentrations of total PBDEs in precipitation ranged from 94 ± 19 ng L−1 at the urban site of Chicago to ± ng L−1 for the.
The Great Lakes—Erie, Huron, Michigan, Ontario, and Superior—hold 20 percent of the world’s supply of surface fresh water. They provide sustenance, work, and recreation for tens of millions of Americans.
But they are under threat as never before, and. The Great Lakes basin is a relatively young ecosystem having formed during the l years. have been able to determine the manner in which the increase of carbon dioxide emissions will affect the climate in the Great Lakes basin.
Several of these models exist and show that at twice the carbon dioxide level, the climate of the basin. A small network of four sampling stations was established in the Great Lakes basin for the purpose of obtaining a refined estimate of atmospheric loading of trace organic pollutants to the Great Lakes.
A total of 93 rain/snow samples was collected from the network during Precipitation and snowfall are enhanced over and downwind of the lakes during winter by the rapid modification of cold air masses passing over the warm waters of the lakes.
The transfer of heat and moisture to cold and dry polar air flowing over the lakes results in heavy snowfall on the lee side of the lakes in areas referred to as snowbelts. Differences between simulations with and without the lakes represented indicate that the lakes accounted for approximately 25% of the precipitation over the basin during the day period simulated.
Over localized areas, identified as the major snowbelts downwind from the lakes, lake effects were responsible for 50%–70% of the precipitation. Annual precipitation has increased in the Great Lakes region by percent sinceaccording to climate research from Michigan State University and the University of Michigan.
Great Lakes Basin 70% 63% % % % % % Accumulation: MTD AVG**: % of MTD AVG***: 80 Superior 26 83 Michigan 20 76 Huron 23 79 Mich-Huron 24 82 Erie 33 79 Ontario 32 80 Great Lakes Basin 29 Historical Precipitation* Average: Maximum. Twenty pesticides and related analytes were measured in day integrated precipitation samples from five U.S.
sites in the Integrated Atmospheric Deposition Network (IADN) between and Consistent, significant decreases in concentration as a function of time were observed only for p,p‘-DDE and p,p‘-DDD, while increases in β-HCH were observed at all sites. Significant annual. Get this from a library.
Weather and climate of the Great Lakes region. [Val L Eichenlaub] -- Explains the atmospheric processes underlying the characteristic weather patterns of the Great Lakes region and evaluates the role of air pollution and nuclear power plants.
P.L. Brezonik, Nutrients and Other Biologically Active Substances in Atmospheric Precipitation, Journal of Great Lakes Research, /S(76), 2, (), ().
Crossref R. Cryer, The significance and variation of atmospheric nutrient inputs in a small catchment system, Journal of Hydrology, /(76), Precipitation rates vary geographically and over time. Precipitation does not fall in the same amounts throughout the world, in a country, or even in a city.
Here in Georgia, USA, it rains fairly evenly all during the year, around inches ( centimeters (cm)) per year. Atmospheric bulk precipitation in the Lake Erie basin (Book, )  Get this from a library.
Atmospheric bulk precipitation in the Lake Erie basin. [K W Kuntz] -- "A wide variety of chemical constituents of atmospheric bulk precipitation in the Lake Erie Basin have been analyzed on a monthly basis since "--Abstract, page v.
Lake-effect precipitation (primarily snow) occurs over northern Utah several times per year (Steenburgh et al. ; Alcott et al. ) and contributes to the GSL water budget through direct precipitation on the lake and the buildup of a mountain snowpack that drives much of the surface-water runoff within the GSL basin, which serves as the primary water resource for people in Salt.
Liang Zhang, Yingming Zhao, David Hein-Griggs, Tamara Janes, Simon Tucker, Jan J.H. Ciborowski, Climate change projections of temperature and precipitation for the great lakes basin using the PRECIS regional climate model, Journal of Great Lakes Research, /, ().
Atmospheric deposition of sulphate (expressed as kg/ha) is a measure of the input of this acid to the basin. Two types of sulphate deposition are measured and shown in Figure 2. "Bulk" deposition is that accumulated in a continuously open collector and contains .This page shows trends in precipitation, evaporation, and runoff from to for Lakes Superior, Michigan-Huron, Erie, and Ontario.
There are four sections, one for each lake, that provide a table summarizing monthly and annual trends, a monthly graphic that displays values of precipitation, evaporation, and runoff by month from toand an annual graphic that shows the.rises in the atmosphere cools and condenses, precipitation falls and then water flows in the streams, rivers, lakes and oceans.
In this activity you will find out how water moves in the Great Lakes system. Materials • Copies of the Map of the Great Lakes area. (One per student.) • Colored pencils or markers. • Copies of activity data charts.